General Data
Name of instrument Cantonal Guiding Plan (= Kantonaler Richtplan)
Country CH
Spatial level federal state
Type Spatial planning instrument
Subtype Formal planning instrument
Description According to the Swiss Spatial Planning Law, executive branches of cantons are obliged to draft a Cantonal Guiding Plan on their entire territory. This plan needs to follow superordinate planning objectives and principles as laid down in the Spatial Planning Law. Cantonal Guiding Plans are of binding character for administrative authorities and lay down the conceptional framework for local land use plans (= Nutzungsplan) in CH. They are process-oriented in view of coordinating and steering spatial development and contain stipulations on protected areas, green belts close to settlements, regional traffic systems, and waste disposal. One aspect of the Cantonal Guiding Plan is the assessment of areas with highest potential for agricultural use according to the National Plan on Crop Rotation Areas (= Sachplan Fruchtfolgeflächen). It stipulates that the total area of crop rotation must not be reduced on cantonal level.
General objectives Steering spatial development under consideration and weighing of different types of land use and public and private interest.
General objectives keywords land development; settlement pattern; planning principles;
Responsible Federal state/Province authority
Stakeholder Involved others;
Reference Keiner, Marco (2005): Planungsinstrumente einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung. Indikatorenbasiertes Monitoring und Controlling in der Schweiz, Österreich und Deutschland. Innsbrucker Geographische Studien 35. Innsbruck
General assessment of strength and weakness Weakness (vgl. Keiner 74f):
- formulation of objectives not concise and binding enough
- not proactive enough
- Balancing of opposing aspects insufficient in view of sustainability objectives
- influence of Cantonal Guiding Plan on local level too weak to steer spatial development, sometimes executive and supervising level are identical (mayors as part of regional planning authorities)
- lack of qualitative and quantitative objectives in regard to spatial development (what should be promoted, what should be avoided, density models etc.)
Date of entry 15/03/2007
Legal status mandatory
Extension all municipalities
Type of monitoring other (see comment)
Preconditions for implementation Federal Spatial Plannung Law Article 6-12 (Bundesgesetz vom 22. Juni 1979 über die Raumplanung, Artikel 6-12)
General comment
Status weak direct relevance
Ranking 3
Remark relevant as formal spatial planning instrument, but weak relevanc for the local level
Status municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations
Ranking 5
Status -
Ranking 5
Remark -
Status Budget, Staff, Legislation, Know-how, Political will
Ranking 1
Remark -
Status Direction of effect, acceptibility, perpetuity
Ranking 3
Remark -