General Data
Name of instrument Unions According to the Regional Law 1/2006 "Unioni di Comuni"
Country IT
Spatial level regional
Type Laws and regulations
Subtype Laws
Description Foreseen by Regional Law no. 1/2006 (see instrument), Unions of municipalities (Unioni di Comuni) represent proper local bodies made up of neighbouring municipalities, conceived to manage in common at least 4 from the following sectors: Finance & Accounting, Taxes, Trade and Production, Spatial Planning, Technical Services, Personnel, Municipal Police. Duration cannot be shorter than 6 years; their establishment (Memorandum of Partnership and Statute) has to be approved by Municipal Councils. The structures of the Union, their responsibilities, operational procedures, location and financial regulations are determined by Statute, which also regulates procedures for possible dissolution or partial withdrawal. The Secretary of the Union acts also as Secretary for the municipalities included into the Union. These define by Council decision, the annual amount to be granted the Union to carry out the common functions. Unions have to ask the Regional Administration for incentives provided for local bodies. Income deriving from taxation on services directly managed by it goes to the Union.
General objectives The aim of this rationalization is to make local bodies' actions more efficient and effective. The topics on which the "union" can decide are: finance and accountancy, local taxes, spatial planning, local police.
Unions can decide to became ASTERs (see instrument)
General objectives keywords coordination, subsidiarity, planning;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved Local authority/Municipal council; Regional authority;
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: application of subsidiarity principle at local level ; Weakness: the instrument is not mandatory, for this reason the time for unions constitution is not well defined.
Date of entry 2007/12/07
Legal status not-mandatory
Extension frequent (<50% and >25%)
Type of monitoring Mixture of quantitative and qualitative reporting
Preconditions for implementation
General comment
Status strong direct relevance
Ranking 4
Status Municipal administration, local economy, municipal residents, environmental NGOs, superordinate administrations
Ranking 4
Status between 25 and 50% of all municipalities
Ranking 4
Status staff, legislation, know-how, political will
Ranking 2
Ranking 0
Remark Instrument is too recent to be judged