General Data
Name of instrument Municipal land policy resolution (= Bodenpolitischer Grundsatzbeschluss)
Country DE
Spatial level local
Type Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation
Subtype Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Description Municipal council adopts a general land policy resolution, declaring to give priority to inner-urban development over greenfield development.
General objectives Activiating inner-urban housing and brownfield potentials. Setting up municipal land policy principles.
General objectives keywords brownfield development; inner-urban densification; building land; planning principles;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved others;
Reference BBR/DIFU: Aktive Baulandpolitik für Stadt und Umland - vom kommunalen zum regionalen Bodenmanagement, online at (loaded 18.12.2006); BMVBW (2001): Baulandbereitstellung - Bodenpolitische Grundsatzbeschlüsse
General assessment of strength and weakness As the instrument is of declarative, non-binding character, municipal stakeholders are less reluctant to support it than binding regulations. Nonetheless, if adopted, a general land policy resolution with the goal of strengthening inner-urban development expresses political support and determination to combat urban sprawl.
The weaknesses arise from these advantages, as compared to a land use plan, this general land policy resolution does not provide a legally binding framework.
Date of entry 29.01.2007
Legal status not-mandatory
Extension rarely (< 25%)
Comment Declarative and generalised character of this instrument is its biggest advantage, therefore there is no need to give it a more binding character. However, consequent binding instruments should strictly follow up on these statements.
Type of monitoring none
Preconditions for implementation none
Best practise example Municipality of Jengen "Municipal management of land ressources", Gemeinde Jengen "Kommunales Flächenressourcenmanagement"
Example Abstract The municipal land policy resolution, giving priority to inner-urban development over greenfield development, has - combined with a cadastre on inner-urban development potentials - resulted in the use of 15 inner-urban plots for residential and commercial uses, thus reducing greenfield land demand.
General comment
Status -
Ranking 5
Remark Instrument has sustainable land resource management at its core
Status Approval: Municipal council, environmental NGOs and superordinate institutions;
Ranking 4
Status -
Ranking 3
Remark -
Status As a political statement without immediate consequences, it requires only political will
Ranking 5
Remark -
Status Effectiveness in regard to direction of effect and perpetuity, but type of effect and acceptibility depends on local implementation
Ranking 2
Remark -