General Data
Name of instrument ATO District Plan (Piano d'Ambito)
Country IT
Spatial level regional
Type Economic instruments
Subtype Access fees / supply fees
Description The national Law 36/94 concerning water management has established that water services must be provided in an integrated way by a unique management body which operates over an intermunicipal area called "Optimum Territorial Area" (ATO). Each ATO district has to prepare its own ATO Plan. The Plan consists of: - Survey of existing infrastructure - Programme of measures - Financial plan - Organisation and management scheme - Identification of available resources and tariff income. Note that the standard implementation procedure of Italian spatial planning tools comprises a phase (typically lasting 60 days), after an initial Adoption ('Adozione') and before the final Approval ('Approvazione'), when any stakeholders can submit their comments.
General objectives - Full intermunicipal responsibility with the aim of increasing size of management areas in order to redistribute water resources and costs, minimize the need of inter-area transfers, make economies of scale achievable.
- Vertical integration of responsibility on the whole urban water cycle under the same authority.
- Delegate a single operator for the management of the whole IWS. Alternative models range from publicly-owned companies to delegation; mixed venture solutions were also allowed.
- Full-cost recovery through tariffs (although some margin remains for the State to subsidize large projects judged to be in the general interest).
General objectives keywords infrastructure costs; inter-municipal cooperation; water management;
Responsible District authority/District parliament
Stakeholder Involved Local authority/Municipal council; Public service providers; Private individuals;
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: Efficiency of water cycle management.
Weakeness: Delay of enforcement. Poor applicability in some small marginal mountain contexts.
Date of entry 2007/04/04
Legal status mandatory
Extension frequent (<50% and >25%)
Type of monitoring Mixture of quantitative and qualitative reporting
Preconditions for implementation
General comment
Status weak indirect relevance
Ranking 1
Remark water cycle management not directly relevant for land ressource management
Status municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations
Ranking 5
Status -
Ranking 3
Remark -
Status Budget, staff, legislation, know-how
Ranking 2
Remark -
Status -
Ranking 0
Remark No clear relation to land resource management