|Name of instrument||ATO District Plan (Piano d'Ambito)|
|Subtype||Access fees / supply fees|
|Description||The national Law 36/94 concerning water management has established that water services must be provided in an integrated way by a unique management body which operates over an intermunicipal area called "Optimum Territorial Area" (ATO). Each ATO district has to prepare its own ATO Plan. The Plan consists of: - Survey of existing infrastructure - Programme of measures - Financial plan - Organisation and management scheme - Identification of available resources and tariff income. Note that the standard implementation procedure of Italian spatial planning tools comprises a phase (typically lasting 60 days), after an initial Adoption ('Adozione') and before the final Approval ('Approvazione'), when any stakeholders can submit their comments.|
|General objectives||- Full intermunicipal responsibility with the aim of increasing size of management areas in order to redistribute water resources and costs, minimize the need of inter-area transfers, make economies of scale achievable.
- Vertical integration of responsibility on the whole urban water cycle under the same authority.
- Delegate a single operator for the management of the whole IWS. Alternative models range from publicly-owned companies to delegation; mixed venture solutions were also allowed.
- Full-cost recovery through tariffs (although some margin remains for the State to subsidize large projects judged to be in the general interest).
|General objectives keywords||infrastructure costs; inter-municipal cooperation; water management;|
|Responsible||District authority/District parliament|
|Stakeholder Involved||Local authority/Municipal council; Public service providers; Private individuals;|
|General assessment of strength and weakness||Strength: Efficiency of water cycle management.
Weakeness: Delay of enforcement. Poor applicability in some small marginal mountain contexts.
|Date of entry||2007/04/04|
|Extension||frequent (<50% and >25%)|
|Type of monitoring||Mixture of quantitative and qualitative reporting|
|Preconditions for implementation|
|Status||weak indirect relevance|
|Remark||water cycle management not directly relevant for land ressource management|
|Status||municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations|
|Status||Budget, staff, legislation, know-how|
|Remark||No clear relation to land resource management|