General Data
Name of instrument Public committment of relevant stakeholders against increasing land take and urban sprawl (= Bündnis für Flächensparen)
Country DE
Spatial level federal state
Type Information, research
Subtype Public relation / awareness campaigns / information campaigns
Description A public committment of relevant stakeholders on local, federal state or national level that addresses the issue of land take and urban sprawl and pledges to combat its negative effects supports public acceptance and increases the obligation of each individual member of the voluntary committment to live up to its terms.
General objectives Public awareness campaign about effects of sprawl
Public committment to combat sprawl
General objectives keywords Public awareness campaign; Public committment; Stakeholder involvement;
Responsible Federal state/Province authority
Stakeholder Involved Associations/interest groups; Planners; NGO; Citizen groups; Entrepreneurs/businessmen; Research; Media;
Reference http://www.stmugv.bayern.de/umwelt/boden/flaechensparen/index.htm
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: Broad initiative that includes all relevant stakeholders in the field of land use changes. Effective instrument to raise public awareness and to implement the issue in the participating bodies and organisations.
Weakness: Only non-binding committment without immediate, assessable consequences on land use.
Metadata
Date of entry 31.01.2007
Implementation
Legal status not-mandatory
Extension rarely (< 25%)
Comment Similarities to the instrument of national land use targets.
Type of monitoring none
Characteristics
Preconditions for implementation
Best practise example Treaty against urban sprawl (= "Bündnis zum Flächensparen")
Example Abstract In the State of Bavaria, with support from two federal state ministries (Ministry for the Environment and Ministry for the Interior), a wide range of stakeholders (associations of cities and small municipalities, scientific institutions, chambers of commerce, NGOs, associations of architects and landscape planners and other institutions) have publicly committed themselves to combat sprawl and its negative effects. The initiative includes public relation and a strategy how to achieve its committment.
Attachment Aktionsprogramm_B%C3%BCndnis_zum_Fl%C3%A4chensparen_1170254534227.pdf
General comment
Assessment
Relevance
Status very strong direct relevance
Ranking 5
Remark -
Acceptance
Status municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations
Ranking 5
Remark
Implementation
Status
Ranking 0
Remark Depends on the level, where this public committment takes place (National, federal, local). In Germany, such a committment exists only at federal state level in Bavaria.
Feasibility
Status Political will
Ranking 5
Remark -
Effectiveness
Status Acceptability, type of effect
Ranking 2
Remark Difficult to assess as it is a public campaign and effects are difficult to isolate against others.