General Data
Name of instrument Regional pool of commercial areas/industrial districts (= Regionaler Gewerbeflächenpool)
Country DE
Spatial level regional
Type Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation
Subtype Voluntary, but binding contracts
Description On regional level (German districts), municipalities pool their areas for commercial development. That way, potential investors can more easily be provided with adequate building land and brownfield potentials can more easily be reactivated. Instead of providing land to the pool, participating municipalities can alternatively finance infrastructure provision on these areas. The pool distributes burdens, risks and benefits of commercial areas and business parks on a regional level among all participating municipality. That way, municipalities can considerably reduce financial burdens of commercial infrastructure provision as well as the volatility of business taxes.
General objectives Regional burden and benefit sharing of municipal infrastructure provision and business tax revenues. Reducing land take for commercial areas.
General objectives keywords socio-economic development; municipal funds; brownfield development; sustainable land management; inter-municipal cooperation;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved Entrepreneurs/businessmen; Planners;
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: Burdens and benefits of industrial and commercial development are shared on a regional level. Development takes place on the most appropriate plots of land. Not every municipality needs to develop its own business park and can still profit from compensation payments from other municipalities with high revenues. Regional pool of commercial areas can be starting point for overcoming intermunicipal competition and to adopt perspective of regional governance and cooperation.
Weakness: Facilitation of burden and benefit sharing is difficult and conflict-prone. Requires detailed agreements on how to deal with investors and according to which formula burdens and benefits are being shared.�
Date of entry 31.01.2007
Legal status not-mandatory for responsible body, BUT mandatory for end-user
Extension rarely (< 25%)
Type of monitoring none
Preconditions for implementation Drafting and ratification of inter-municipal agreement. If possible, establishment of an administrative association (= Zweckverband).
Best practise example
Example Abstract
Best practise example Regional pool of industrial zones "Neckar-Alb" ("Regionaler Gewerbeflächenpool Neckar-Alb")
Example Abstract Prospective study investigating the feasibility of a regional pool of industrial areas and calculating in detail the modes of burden- and benefit-sharing among participating municipalities.
Attachment Regionaler_Gewerbefl%C3%A4chenpool_1170258375049.pdf
General comment
Status strong direct relevance
Ranking 4
Remark -
Status municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations
Ranking 5
Status -
Ranking 2
Remark -
Status Staff, Know-how, Political will
Ranking 3
Remark Instead of legislation per se, joint binding agreements between participating municipalities need to be established
Status Direction of effect, type of effect, perpetuity
Ranking 3
Remark Direction and type of effect more steerable as for inter-municipal business parks, as regional level provides a wider range of appropriate land resources