General Data
Name of instrument Inter-municipal business parks
Country DE
Spatial level local
Type Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation
Subtype Voluntary, but binding contracts
Description Neighboring municipalities combine efforts to jointly develop a business park on their territory. Burdens of infrastructure provision and benefits of tax revenues are shared between participating municipalities based on a fixed contract. This contract also contains statements on how participating municipalities deal with potential investors (priority for inter-municipal business park!). The ratio behind inter-municipal business parks is that combined business parks reduce infrastructure costs and land take per business enterprise or per work-place compared to every municipality developing their own business park.
General objectives Reduction of municipal infrastructure costs, reduction of land take.
General objectives keywords Municipal infrastructure costs; socio-economic development; inter-municipal cooperation; burden-and-benefit sharing; land development;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved District authority/District parliament; Planners; Entrepreneurs/businessmen; ;
Reference http://www.nabu.de/m01/m01_01/04444.html
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: Facilitates inter-municipal cooperation and enables to attract investors that one municipality alone would not be able to attract.
Weakness: Inter-municipal business parks are mostly situated at the border between municipalities. These border areas are mostly characterized by sparse settlement and high ecological value. Therefore, inter-municipal business parks are not per se and automatically a contribution to sustainable spatial development. Their critics rather argue for a regional pool of commercial and industrial areas (cp. separate entry) which should be realized in a centralized, well accessible vicinity of an urban area.
Metadata
Date of entry 31.01.2007
Implementation
Legal status not-mandatory
Extension frequent (<50% and >25%)
Comment Effects of inter-municipal business parks on land take are disputed. More effective are regional pools of commercial areas.
Type of monitoring none
Characteristics
Preconditions for implementation Agreement and contract between participating municipalities. This contract contains statements on burden and benefit sharing and most importantly an agreed procedure how to deal with potential investors. Every municipality should primarily attempt to direct investors to the inter-municipal business park. Only if this is not feasible for objective reasons, then municipalities are allowed to negotiate with investors on their own.
Best practise example Inter-municipal industrial zone "Gewerbepark Steigerwald"
Example Abstract Five municipalities have established an administrative association to promote this inter-municipal industrial zone. The concept involves aspects of landscape aesthetics and eventually a provision of railroad access.
Attachment Gewerbeparkt_Steigerwald%2C_%C3%96kologie_1170257415083.htm
General comment
Assessment
Relevance
Status strong direct relevance
Ranking 4
Remark -
Acceptance
Status municipal administration. Local economy, municipal residents, superordinate administrations
Ranking 4
Remark
Implementation
Status
Ranking 3
Remark
Feasibility
Status Staff, Know-how, Political will
Ranking 3
Remark Instead of legislation per se, joint binding agreements between participating municipalities need to be established
Effectiveness
Status Perpetuity
Ranking 1
Remark Still unclear if intermunicipal business parks lead to a reduction of land take => direction of effect unclear; type of effects unclear; acceptability unclear as competition between municipalities might be prevailing