|Name of instrument||Municipal Waste collection Tax (TARSU - Tassa sui rifiuti solidi urbani)|
|Description||First introduced in 1993, it has become a major source of income for Italian municipalities. It is calculated based on the surface of residential/commercial/etc. units (since they host activities which supposedly produce urban waste). Broad autonomy is granted to Municipalities as regards fiscal, financial, regulatory and accounting aspects. As stated by subsequent National Law no. 22/1997, TARSU should evolve into TIA (Environmental Hygiene Fee) which has to cover completely the cost of urban waste collection and disposal/treatment.|
|General objectives||Priority call for municipalities to contribute to environmental management. Re-introduction of some elements of fiscal independency for local governments. Ensure efficient waste management. Since 1997, ensure implementation of "the polluter pays" principle.|
|General objectives keywords||Efficient Waste Management; municipal budget; "The Polluter Pays" Principle;|
|Responsible||Local authority/Municipal council|
|General assessment of strength and weakness||Strength: Being a local tax, collection should be eased and evasion minimized.
Weakness: Waste Management efficiency generally remains poor throughout Italy. Evolution from TARSU into TIA has concerned very few municipalities so far, due to much higher amounts to be charged, and complex management requirements.
|Date of entry||2007/04/09|
|Type of monitoring||Report basing on quantitative indicators|
|Preconditions for implementation|
|Status||weak indirect relevance|
|Remark||no direct steering effect for land ressource management|
|Status||Legislation, political will|
|Status||Direction of effect, type of effect, acceptability, perpetuity|