General Data
Name of instrument Municipal Waste collection Tax (TARSU - Tassa sui rifiuti solidi urbani)
Country IT
Spatial level local
Type Economic instruments
Subtype Consumptive fees
Description First introduced in 1993, it has become a major source of income for Italian municipalities. It is calculated based on the surface of residential/commercial/etc. units (since they host activities which supposedly produce urban waste). Broad autonomy is granted to Municipalities as regards fiscal, financial, regulatory and accounting aspects. As stated by subsequent National Law no. 22/1997, TARSU should evolve into TIA (Environmental Hygiene Fee) which has to cover completely the cost of urban waste collection and disposal/treatment.
General objectives Priority call for municipalities to contribute to environmental management. Re-introduction of some elements of fiscal independency for local governments. Ensure efficient waste management. Since 1997, ensure implementation of "the polluter pays" principle.
General objectives keywords Efficient Waste Management; municipal budget; "The Polluter Pays" Principle;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved others;
Reference http://shop.sussidiario.it/scheda_spec.asp?id=7341&scat=111&tipo=8#top
General assessment of strength and weakness Strength: Being a local tax, collection should be eased and evasion minimized.
Weakness: Waste Management efficiency generally remains poor throughout Italy. Evolution from TARSU into TIA has concerned very few municipalities so far, due to much higher amounts to be charged, and complex management requirements.
Metadata
Date of entry 2007/04/09
Implementation
Legal status mandatory
Extension all municipalities
Comment
Type of monitoring Report basing on quantitative indicators
Characteristics
Preconditions for implementation
General comment
Assessment
Relevance
Status weak indirect relevance
Ranking 1
Remark no direct steering effect for land ressource management
Acceptance
Status -
Ranking 0
Remark
Implementation
Status -
Ranking 5
Remark -
Feasibility
Status Legislation, political will
Ranking 4
Remark -
Effectiveness
Status Direction of effect, type of effect, acceptability, perpetuity
Ranking 4
Remark -