General Data
Name of instrument Legal agent of nature conservation (Landesumweltanwalt)
Country AT
Spatial level federal state
Type Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation
Subtype Voluntary, but binding contracts
Description The "Landesumweltanwalt" in Tyrol as a person is stakeholder in most of the supra-local planning decisions within the federal state concerning nature conservation. In this context she/he is obliged to disseminate information and provide assistance to the public. Furthermore, cross-cutting and economic interests shall be taken into consideration.
General objectives The "Landesumweltanwalt" is the spokesman/-woman of the environment in case of intervening related judgments if no other stakeholder is interested or has the possibility to act on a legal basis.
General objectives keywords nature conservation;
Responsible others
Stakeholder Involved others;
General assessment of strength and weakness In most cases, the "Landesumweltanwalt" is the only institution that can take legal action by order of nature, where otherwise only economic stakeholders would be represented. Society and media are always informed. In general, the Landesumweltanwalt is regarded as less influential than other political stakeholders.
Weakness concerning regional development: Development processes are slowed down.
Strength concerning regional development: important environmental resources are conserved in long term instead of destruction in short term (sustainability)
Date of entry 22.03.2007
Legal status not-mandatory
Extension frequent (<50% and >25%)
Comment important and intelligent instrument which has already achieved sustained success
Type of monitoring Mixture of quantitative and qualitative reporting
Preconditions for implementation
General comment
Status strong indirect relevance
Ranking 2
Remark -
Status environmental NGOs, municipal residents
Ranking 2
Remark acceptance estimated, maybe higher
Status -
Ranking 4
Remark Implemented in 8 Austrian federal states
Status Budget, Staff, political will, legislation
Ranking 2
Remark -
Status Direction of effect, type of effect, perpetuity
Ranking 3
Remark -