General Data
Name of instrument (Municipal or Cantonal) Land Use Plan (= Nutzungsplanung)
Country CH
Spatial level local
Type Spatial planning instrument
Subtype Formal planning instrument
Description Based on the stipulations of Cantonal Guiding Plans, either the canton (in the case of large-scale projects) or the individual municipality is required to set up a plot-specific Land Use Plan when developing an area. This plan is binding for the individual, contains a delineation of the area designated for construction and is often associated with land readjustment. Only areas that are either already partly developed or that are required for housing and commercial purposes within the next 15 years are to be zoned in the Land Use Plans (see RPG, Art. 15). Municipal Land Use Plans need to be approved by the Cantonal legislation. In cases where Regional Guiding Plans exist (level between municipality and canton), regional guiding plan bodies (consisting of mayors of respective municipalities) are supervising bodies for municipal land use plans.
General objectives Regulating type and extent of urban development on municipal territory.
General objectives keywords urban development; building land; land development; settlement pattern; municipal land policy;
Responsible Local authority/Municipal council
Stakeholder Involved Federal state/Province authority;
Reference ARE (2003): Siedlungsbegrenzung für eine nachhaltige Siedlungsentwicklung. Bern
General assessment of strength and weakness Weaknesses:
- Stipulations of Cantonal Guiding Plans in regard to urban development reserve too much leeway for municipal land use plans
- In the case of Regional Guiding Plans, mayors in supervising bodies are to approve their own Municipal Land Use Plans.
- With the Municipal Land Use Plan, local levels have a much more decisive instrument at their disposal than superordinate levels when it comes to steering spatial development. Spatial development is thus increasingly reflecting the needs and interests of individual municipalities.
- Insufficient incentives for intermunicipal cooperation.
- Vertical coordination of spatial objectives is insufficient between national, cantonal, regional and municipal level.
Date of entry 15/03/2007
Legal status mandatory for responsible body AND mandatory for end-user
Extension all municipalities
Type of monitoring Qualitative / descriptive reporting
Preconditions for implementation Accordance with stipulations of the Cantonal Guiding Plan
General comment
Status -
Ranking 5
Remark Instrument has sustainable land resource management at its core
Status Approval: Municipal council, environmental NGOs and superordinate institutions;
Ranking 4
Status -
Ranking 5
Remark -
Status As a political statement without immediate consequences, it requires only political will
Ranking 5
Remark -
Status Effectiveness in regard to direction of effect and perpetuity, but type of effect and acceptibility depends on local implementation
Ranking 2
Remark -