|Name of instrument||National land use target|
|Type||Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation|
|Subtype||Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding|
|Description||National committments and quantification of long-term political targets concerning urban sprawl and land take.|
|General objectives||Public awareness and committment,
Monitoring and assessment of urban sprawl
|General objectives keywords||settlement pattern; land use target;|
|Stakeholder Involved||Local authority/Municipal council; District authority/District parliament; Regional authority; Federal state/Province authority; Associations/interest groups; Planners; NGO; Research; Media;|
|General assessment of strength and weakness||Strength: Emphasizes high-ranking political support for the objective of smart growth. Effective as it quantifies a political target and thus enables constant monitoring and assessment of political activities in this respect. Particularly effective when the effects of the national target are calculated on regional or local level.
Weakness: No direct effect or obligatory limit. Therefore, the target might not be met in 2020.
Normativity of target might become subject of controversial debate.
|Date of entry||31.01.2007|
|Extension||rarely (< 25%)|
|Comment||Regional planning authorities start to assess what the implementation of the national land use target means for their territory. Therefore, it is a helpful precondition for lower political levels and their activities in this field. In general, the quantitative formulation of a land use target was an important step towards concretising the abstract policy objective of combatting sprawl.|
|Type of monitoring||Report basing on quantitative indicators|
|Preconditions for implementation||Broad consensus among political stakeholders. Target is set in a normative way, therefore it is important to back it with research and scientific reasoning.|
|Best practise example||National Sustainability Strategy "Perspectives for Germany", Nationale Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie "Perspektiven für Deutschland"|
|Example Abstract||As part of the National Sustainability Strategy, the German government has plegded to reduce the new daily land take from currently about 100 ha to 30 ha until 2020.|
|Status||very strong direct relevance|
|Status||municipal administration. Local economy, environmental NGOs, municipal residents, superordinate administrations|
|Remark||Depends on the level, where this public committment takes place (National, federal, local). In Germany, such a committment exists only at national level and in some cases a regional interpretation of the national land use target in regional planning.|
|Status||Direction of effect, type of effect|