Instruments

Instrument name Country Spatial level Type Subtype
Rural Development Plan - "PSR (Piano di Sviluppo Rurale)" IT regional Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
(Municipal or Cantonal) Land Use Plan (= Nutzungsplanung) CH local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
AGEMONT Ltd (Agency for the Economic Development of Mountain Areas of FVG Region) IT local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Regional management
ATO District Plan (Piano d'Ambito) IT regional Economic instruments Access fees / supply fees
Allocation of municipal compensation funds for redevelopment of brownfields (= Landeszuweisungen zur Nutzbarmachung von Brachflächen) DE federal state Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Alpine Plan (= Alpenplan) DE federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Associations for the coordinated execution of administrative tasks according to Regional Law 1/2006 ."Associazioni intercomunali" IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Building Land Acquisition Fund (= Bodenbeschaffungsfonds) AT federal state Economic instruments Voluntary, but binding contracts
Building Land Development Fee SI local Economic instruments Consumptive fees
Building Programme (Programma di fabbricazione) IT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Building Regulations (Regolamento edilizio) IT local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Building order (= Baugebot) DE local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Building permits (Permis de construire ou déclaration de travaux) FR local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Cadastre of brownfield sites and commercial vacancies (= Brachflächen- und Leerstandskataster) DE local Information, research Public relation / awareness campaigns / information campaigns
Cantonal Guiding Plan (= Kantonaler Richtplan) CH federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Circular Flow Land Use Management (Flächenkreislaufwirtschaft) DE national Information, research
Communal chart (Charte communale) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Compensation for non realization of parking bays (Participation pour non réalisation d'aires de stationnement) FR local Economic instruments Access fees / supply fees
Compensation for use of building land (= Nadomestilo za uporabo stavbnega zemljisca) SI local Economic instruments Consumptive fees
Concerted development zones (Zones d'aménagement concerté - ZAC) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Consideration of extent of soil sealing of land parcels in the assessment of waste water fees (= Einbeziehung des Versiegelungsgrades in die Bemessung der Abwassergebühr) DE local Economic instruments Consumptive fees
Construction Act (= Zakon o graditvi objektov) SI national Laws and regulations Laws
Contrat de Pays - Pays contract FR regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Regional management
Cost-effective fees for technical infrastructure AT local Economic instruments Access fees / supply fees
Counter for Consolidated Procedure ('Sportello Unico per le Attività Produttive') IT local Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
De-sealing concepts and programmes (= Entsiegelungsprojekte und -programme) DE local Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Decentralised technical infrastructure (water, waste water, energy) DE local Economic instruments Access fees / supply fees
Declaration of intent to alienate (Déclaration d'intention d'aliéner - DIA) FR local Laws and regulations
Declaration of public utility (Déclaration d'utilité publique - DUP) FR local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Deregulation of building-related parking site requirement (= Befreiung von der Stellplatzpflicht) DE local Economic instruments Creation of markets / regional marketing
Direct financial supports from communes to companies (Aides financières directes des communes aux entreprises) FR local Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Districts for Spatial Development "ASTERs" According the Regional Law 1/2006 IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Early Public Participation (= vorgezogene Bürgerbeteiligung) DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Conflict prevention and resolution
Employment Pact Tyrol (Beschäftigungspakt Tirol ) AT federal state Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Environmental tax for environmental pollution caused by waste water discharge SI national Economic instruments Consumptive fees
Friuli Venezia Giulia Regional (Federal) Development Plan 2006-08 (Piano Regionale di Sviluppo PRS) IT federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Fund for small-scale business promotion (= Wirtschaftsförderungsfonds) AT federal state Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Greenfield Development Charge (= Neuerschliessungsumlage) DE national Economic instruments Steering taxes
Housing aid (Wohnbauförderung) AT federal state Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Information campaign on land use changes DE regional Information, research Public relation / awareness campaigns / information campaigns
Inter-municipal business parks DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
LR 20/97 Local public transport planning in the Region of FVG IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Land use plan (= Flächenwidmungsplan) AT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Land use tax (= Flächennutzungssteuer) DE national Economic instruments Steering taxes
Landscape Plan (= Landschaftsplan) DE local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Legal agent of nature conservation (Landesumweltanwalt) AT federal state Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Legal building density limit (Plafond légal de densité) FR local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Local Action Plan - "Piano di Azione Locale" IT local Spatial planning instrument Informal planning instrument
Local Development Plan (= Bebauungsplan) DE local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Local Development Plan (= Bebauungsplan) AT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Local Forums: Watershed Partnerships IT local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Local housing program (Programme local de l'habitat - PLH) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Local land development agency (Etablissement public foncier local - EPFL) FR regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Regional management
Local tax of equipment (Taxe locale d'équipement- TLH) FR local Economic instruments Steering taxes
Local taxes raised with the profit of the communes and the intercommunal cooperation structures (Taxes locales perçues au profit des communes et de leurs groupements) FR local Economic instruments Steering taxes
Local urban planning document (Plan local d'urbanisme - PLU) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Memorandum of Understanding for the Protection and Conservation of the Architectural-Historical Heritage IT regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Minimum limitation of floor-space-index (= unteres Limit der Geschossflächenzahl) DE local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Municipal Master Plan (Piano Regolatore Generale) IT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Municipal Spatial Order (= prostorski red obcine) SI local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Municipal Tax on Estates (ICI - Imposta Comunale sugli Immobili) IT local Economic instruments Steering taxes
Municipal Waste collection Tax (TARSU - Tassa sui rifiuti solidi urbani) IT local Economic instruments Consumptive fees
Municipal density models (= Dichtemodelle) DE local Spatial planning instrument Informal planning instrument
Municipal eco-land-account (= Kommunales Ökokonto) DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Municipal land policy resolution (= Bodenpolitischer Grundsatzbeschluss) DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Municipal land stock (= Kommunale Bodenbevorratung) DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Municipal land use plan (= Flächennutzungsplan) DE local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Municipal management of land resources (= Kommunales Flächenressourcenmanagement) DE local Spatial planning instrument Informal planning instrument
Municipal plan of protection and management of the natural, agricultural and forest spaces (Schéma communal de protection et de gestion des espaces naturels, agricoles et forestiers) FR local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
National Development Plan 2007-2013 (Državni razvojni program 2007-2013) SI national Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
National Housing Programme SI national Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
National land use target DE national Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Nature Conservation Act (= Zakon o ohranjanju narave) SI national Laws and regulations Laws
New Mountain Plan - "Nuovo Progetto Montagna" IT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Plan on Crop Rotation Areas (= Sachplan Fruchtfolgeflächen) CH national Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Plot ratio (Coefficient d'occupation des sols - COS) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Pre-emption right of the SAFER (corporation for land planning and rural development) FR regional Laws and regulations Informal planning instrument
Programmed operation of improvement of housing (Opération Programmée d'Amélioration de l'Habitat - OPAH) FR local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary cooperation and commitments, not legally binding
Promotion of Balanced Regional Development Act (= Zakon o spodbujanju skladnega regionalnega razvoja) SI national Laws and regulations Legal codes
Protected agricultural zone (Zone agricole protégée - ZAP) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Public committment of relevant stakeholders against increasing land take and urban sprawl (= Bündnis für Flächensparen) DE federal state Information, research Public relation / awareness campaigns / information campaigns
Public establishment of intermunicipal cooperation (Établissement public de coopération intercommunale - EPCI) FR local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Pôle d'excellence rurale (PER) - Rural pole of excellence FR regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Reduced sales and rental fees charged from local companies (Aides des collectivités locales à l'immobilier d'entreprises) FR local Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Regional (Federal) Power Plan (Piano Energetico Regionale PER) IT federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional (Federal) Spatial Plan (= Piano Territoriale Regionale PTR) IT federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional Conception of Spatial Development (= Regionalna zasnova prostorskega razvoja) SI national Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional Development Programme (Regionalni razvojni program) SI regional Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional Law 1/2006: Principles and fundamentals of " Region-Local bodies interfacing system" within the federal region Friuli Venezia Giulia IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Regional Law 16/2006: land property rationalization and agriculture promotion IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Regional Law 33/2002 - Friuli Venezia Giulia's Mountain Districts (former Mountain Communities) IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Regional Law 5/2007: Urban planning reform and regulations about building activity and landscape IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Regional Planning Association (= Planungsverband) AT regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Regional Planning Programmes AT federal state Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional integrated development plan (Schéma de Cohérence Territoriale - SCOT) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional land use plan (Regionaler / Interkommunaler Flächennutzungsplan) DE regional Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Regional pool of commercial areas/industrial districts (= Regionaler Gewerbeflächenpool) DE regional Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Revitalisation of old buildings (= Revitalisierungsfonds) AT federal state Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Rezoning of residential area to agriculture land in land use plan AT local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
River Basin Plan (Piano di Bacino) IT regional Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Slovenia's Development Strategy (Strategija razvoja Slovenije) SI national Information, research Formal planning instrument
Soil conservation article in Federal Building Code (= Bodenschutzklausel im BauGB) DE national Laws and regulations Laws
Spatial Development Strategy of a Municipality (= Strategija prostorskega razvoja obcine) SI local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Spatial Planning Act (= Zakon o urejanju prostora) SI national Laws and regulations Laws
Specific urban planning regulations in mountain communes (Dispositions particulières d'urbanisme pour les communes de montagne) FR local Laws and regulations Laws
Stakeholder Commission (Conferenza dei servizi) IT federal state Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Conflict prevention and resolution
Standardized formula for assessing "organic development" for residential areas (= Berechnungsvorschrift des "organischen Entwicklungsbedarfs") DE local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument
Taxation of real estate based on market value (= Bodenwertsteuer) DE national Economic instruments Steering taxes
Tradeable land use permits (= handelbare Flächenausweisungskontingente) DE federal state Economic instruments Creation of markets / regional marketing
Tyrolean Administrative Agency for Goal 2 Programme AT federal state Economic instruments Subsidies and local business development
Tyrolean law of regional planning (TROG, Tiroler Raumordnungsgesetz) AT federal state Laws and regulations Laws
Unions According to the Regional Law 1/2006 "Unioni di Comuni" IT regional Laws and regulations Laws
Urban Redevelopment Measure (= Städtebauliche Entwicklungsmassnahme) DE local Laws and regulations Legal codes
Urban development contract (= Städtebaulicher Vertrag) DE local Voluntary approaches and agreements / cooperation Voluntary, but binding contracts
Urban pre-emption right (Droit de préemption urbain - DPU) FR local Laws and regulations Formal planning instrument
Urban transit plan (Plan de déplacements urbains - PDU) FR local Spatial planning instrument Formal planning instrument